Agra, a city in northern India, is a popular destination for tourists from all over the world. The city is famous for its rich history and culture, which can be seen in its stunning monuments, gardens, and markets. Agra is home to the world-famous Taj Mahal, one of the Seven Wonders of the World, and also boasts other iconic landmarks such as Agra Fort, Fatehpur Sikri, and Itmad-ud-Daulah’s Tomb.
In addition to these must-visit attractions, Agra also offers a wide range of experiences for tourists, including shopping at local markets, exploring the city’s rich culinary scene, and taking part in cultural events and festivals. Whether you are a history buff, a culture lover, or simply looking for a unique travel experience, Agra has something to offer everyone.
Best Places to Visit in Agra
1. Taj Mahal
One of the Seven Wonders of the World, the Taj Mahal is a must-visit attraction in Agra. The Taj Mahal is undoubtedly one of the most iconic monuments in the world and a symbol of India’s rich cultural heritage. Located in Agra, this stunning white marble mausoleum was built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal.
The Taj Mahal is an outstanding example of Mughal architecture, featuring intricate carvings, stunning marble work, and beautiful gardens. The monument is particularly renowned for the striking play of light on its marble surface, which changes with the position of the sun throughout the day. Millions of visitors from around the world come to Agra every year to witness the beauty of the Taj Mahal, which has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Taj Mahal is an enduring testament to the timeless beauty and enduring love that it represents, and a must-visit destination for anyone traveling to Agra.
2. Agra Fort
Agra Fort, also known as the Red Fort of Agra, is a massive complex of palaces, courtyards, and gardens that served as the residence of the Mughal emperors until 1638. The fort was built by the Mughal emperor Akbar in the 16th century and expanded by his successors, including Shah Jahan, who added several palaces made of white marble.
Agra Fort is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is an excellent example of Mughal architecture, featuring intricate carvings, stunning marble work, and elaborate decorations. The fort offers breathtaking views of the Taj Mahal and the Yamuna River and is a must-visit attraction for anyone traveling to Agra. The Agra Fort has played an important role in India’s history and is a testament to the grandeur and power of the Mughal empire.
3. Fatehpur Sikri
Fatehpur Sikri is a historic city located near Agra, built by Mughal Emperor Akbar in the 16th century. It served as the capital of the Mughal Empire for a brief period before being abandoned due to a scarcity of water. The city is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site and attracts tourists from all over the world.
Fatehpur Sikri is a prime example of Mughal architecture and features stunning palaces, mosques, and courtyards. The city’s most notable structure is the Buland Darwaza, a massive gate that stands at a height of 54 meters and is one of the highest gateways in the world. Other significant structures in the city include the Diwan-i-Khas, Panch Mahal, and Jama Masjid.
Fatehpur Sikri is a fascinating historical site that offers a glimpse into the grandeur and magnificence of the Mughal Empire and is a must-visit attraction for anyone traveling to Agra.
4. Itmad-ud-Daulah’s Tomb
Itmad-ud-Daulah’s Tomb is a beautiful Mughal mausoleum located in Agra, near the Taj Mahal. The tomb was built by Empress Nur Jahan in memory of her father Mirza Ghiyas Beg, who was the Chief Minister of the Mughal Empire during Jahangir’s reign. The tomb is often referred to as the ‘Baby Taj’ due to its resemblance to the Taj Mahal, featuring intricate marble work, beautiful gardens, and elaborate decorations.
Itmad-ud-Daulah’s Tomb is considered one of the most important structures in Mughal architecture and is said to have influenced the design of the Taj Mahal. The tomb is also famous for its use of pietra dura, a decorative art form that involves using inlaid precious and semiprecious stones to create intricate designs. Itmad-ud-Daulah’s Tomb is a stunning historical attraction that is often overlooked by tourists, but it is definitely worth a visit for those interested in Mughal architecture and history.
5. Jama Masjid
Jama Masjid is one of the most significant and iconic mosques in Agra, located just a few kilometers away from the Agra Fort. The mosque was built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in the mid-17th century and is a stunning example of Mughal architecture, featuring intricate carvings, stunning marble work, and elaborate decorations.
The mosque is known for its stunning design, which combines Islamic, Persian, and Indian architectural styles, and features a central courtyard, four minarets, and three domes. The Jama Masjid is also renowned for its beautiful calligraphy and intricate designs, which are carved into the marble and sandstone walls of the mosque.
The mosque is still used for daily prayers and can accommodate up to 10,000 worshippers at a time. A visit to Jama Masjid is a must for anyone interested in Islamic architecture, history, and culture, and provides an immersive and unforgettable experience of Agra’s rich heritage.
6. Mehtab Bagh
Mehtab Bagh is a beautiful garden located on the opposite bank of the Yamuna River, directly across from the Taj Mahal. The garden was built by Emperor Babur in the 16th century and is a perfect spot to enjoy a beautiful view of the Taj Mahal. Mehtab Bagh is often considered the best place to view the Taj Mahal at sunset, as the setting sun casts a beautiful orange hue on the monument, making it a photographer’s paradise.
The garden is also home to several beautiful fountains, pavilions, and pools that add to its charm. The garden is a peaceful and serene oasis in the bustling city of Agra and is perfect for a relaxing evening stroll. A visit to Mehtab Bagh is a must for anyone looking to enjoy a stunning view of the Taj Mahal and take in the beautiful sights and sounds of Agra.
7. Akbar’s Tomb
Akbar’s Tomb, also known as the Sikandra Tomb, is a beautiful mausoleum located in Agra, just a few kilometers away from the Agra Fort. The tomb was built by Emperor Akbar in the late 16th century and is an excellent example of Mughal architecture, featuring stunning marble work, intricate carvings, and elaborate decorations. The tomb is located in a vast garden complex and is surrounded by four red sandstone gates, each decorated with stunning patterns and designs.
The tomb itself is a massive structure made of white marble and features four floors, with each floor representing a different aspect of Akbar’s life. The top floor of the tomb is the burial chamber, where the emperor’s remains are housed. Akbar’s Tomb is a must-visit attraction for anyone interested in Mughal architecture and history and provides a glimpse into the grandeur and magnificence of the Mughal Empire.
8. Chini ka Rauza
The Chini ka Rauza is a mausoleum built in honor of the poet and scholar, Allama Afzal Khan Mullah. It is known for its intricate tile work and unique design.
9. Mariam’s Tomb
The tomb of Mariam-uz-Zamani, also known as Jodha Bai, the wife of Mughal Emperor Akbar, is located in Sikandra. The tomb is a blend of Hindu and Islamic architecture and is a fine example of Mughal style.
10. Ram Bagh
Ram Bagh is the oldest Mughal garden in Agra, built by Babur in 1528. It has beautiful fountains, flower beds, and walkways, making it a perfect place to relax and unwind.
11. Kinari Bazaar
Agra’s bustling marketplace, Kinari Bazaar is famous for its silk and zari work. The bazaar is also home to several shops selling jewelry, handicrafts, and traditional clothes.
12. Taj Museum
Located inside the Taj Mahal complex, the Taj Museum displays artifacts and documents related to the Taj Mahal’s construction and history.
13. Kalakriti Cultural & Convention Center
Kalakriti Cultural & Convention Center is a state-of-the-art auditorium and cultural center located in Agra. The center is a popular attraction for those interested in the arts, as it hosts a variety of cultural events, including music concerts, dance performances, and theater productions. The center is also known for its sound and light show, which depicts the history and culture of the Mughal Empire and the Taj Mahal. The show uses special effects and live performances to transport visitors back in time and is a unique and immersive experience.
The Kalakriti Cultural & Convention Center is equipped with modern facilities, including a large seating capacity, high-tech sound and lighting equipment, and a spacious stage, making it a popular venue for cultural events and conferences. A visit to the center is highly recommended for those interested in the arts and is an excellent way to experience the rich culture and history of Agra.
14. Mankameshwar Temple
A popular Hindu temple, Mankameshwar Temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva and is located near the Agra Fort.
15. Soami Bagh
Soami Bagh is a religious site located in Agra, known for its impressive marble work and intricate carvings. The site is also home to a large number of peacocks.
Agra is a city rich in history, culture, and architectural beauty, and there are many top-rated tourist attractions that are worth visiting. The most famous among them is the Taj Mahal, which is one of the most iconic and recognizable monuments in the world. Other must-visit places in Agra include Agra Fort, Fatehpur Sikri, Itmad-ud-Daulah’s Tomb, Jama Masjid, Mehtab Bagh, and Akbar’s Tomb.
These attractions showcase the city’s rich Mughal heritage, with stunning examples of Mughal architecture, intricate carvings, and beautiful marble work. Visitors can also enjoy a range of cultural events and performances at Kalakriti Cultural & Convention Center, making it a must-visit for those interested in the arts. Whether it’s exploring the city’s rich history or soaking in its vibrant culture, there is something for everyone in Agra.